Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Supplement to Mental Imagery

Supplementary Bibliography of cited works not about mental imagery

The following works are cited in the text of the entry on Mental Imagery, or its supplements, but themselves have little or nothing directly to say about imagery. All cited works that do deal with mental imagery are listed in the mental imagery bibliography. A few items here are annotated, but lack of an annotation should not be taken as an implicit comment on the value or interest of the work in question.

Acredolo, L.P. (1983). Spatial Orientation in Special Populations: The Mentally Retarded, the Blind, and the Elderly. In H.L. Pick & L.P. Acredolo (Eds.), Spatial Orientation: Theory, Research and Application (pp. 143-160). New York: Plenum Press.
Akins, K. (1996). Of Sensory Systems and the “Aboutness” of Mental States. Journal of Philosophy (91) 337-372.
Aloimonos, Y. (Ed.) (1993). Active Perception. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Ando, T. (1965). Aristotle's Theory of Practical Cognition. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Annas, J.E. (1992). Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Anscombe, G.E.M. (1965). The Intentionality of Sensation: A Grammatical Feature. In R.J. Butler (Ed.), Analytical Philosophy – Second Series (pp. 158-180). Oxford: Blackwell.
Ash, M.G. (1998). Gestalt Psychology in German Culture, 1890-1967. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baars, B.J. (1986). The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology. New York: Guilford Press.
Bajcsy, R. (1988). Active Perception. Proceedings of the IEEE (76) 996-1005.
Ballard, D.H. (1991). Animate Vision. Artificial Intelligence (48) 57-86.
Bartley, W.W. (1973). Wittgenstein. New York: Lippincott.
Blake, A. & Yuille, A. (Eds.) (1992). Active Vision. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Block, N. (2001). Paradox and Cross Purposes in Recent Work on Consciousness. Cognition (79) 197-219. Preprint available online
Bloor, D. (1983). Wittgenstein: A Social Theory of Knowledge. London: Macmillan.
Blumenthal, A.C. (1975). A Reappraisal of Wilhelm Wundt. American Psychologist (30) 1081-1088.
Benardete, S. (1975). Aristotle, De Anima III.3-5. Review of Metaphysics (28) 611-622.
Bickhard, M.H. & Richie, D.M. (1983). On the Nature of Representation: A Case Study of James Gibson's Theory of Perception. New York: Praeger.
Birondo, N. (2001). Aristotle on Illusory Perception: Phantasia without Phantasmata. Ancient Philosophy (21) 57-71.
Boring, E.G. (1950). A History of Experimental Psychology (2nd edn.). New York: Appleton.
Brentano, F. (1866/1977). The Psychology of Aristotle. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. (1977 translation by R. George from the original German of 1886.)
Bringman, W.G. & Tweney, R.D. (Eds.) (1980). Wundt Studies. Toronto: Hogrefe.
Brodey, W. (1969). The Other-Than-Visual World of the Blind. Architectural Design (39) 9-10. [Reprinted in Ekistics (28) 1969, 100-103.]
Brooks, R.A. (1991). Intelligence Without Representation. Artificial Intelligence (47) 139-159.
Brown, J.R. (1991). The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences. London: Routledge.
Burnham, J.C. (1968). On the Origins of Behaviorism. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences (4) 143-151.
Byrne, R.M.J. (2005). The Rational Imagination: How People Create Alternatives to Reality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Byrne relies upon a highly deflationary view of imagination, treating it (without real argument) as nothing but the ability to conceive of counterfactual possibilities. For an actual argument for such a view see White (1990) (who explicitly argues for the irrelevance of imagery to imagination). For a counter argument, see Thomas (1997a) (both in the Imagery Bibliography).
Casey, S.M. (1978). Cognitive Mapping by the Blind. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness (72) 297-301.
Churchland, P.S., Ramachandran, V.S., & Sejnowski, T.J. (1994). A Critique of Pure Vision. In C. Koch & J. Davis (Eds.), Large Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Clancey, W.J. (1997). Situated Cognition: On Human Knowledge and Computer Representations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clark, A. (1989). Microcognition: Philosophy, Cognitive Science, and Parallel Distributed Processing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Clark, A. (1997). Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Clarke, D.M. (1989). Occult Powers and Hypotheses: Cartesian Natural Philosophy under Louis XIV. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Clarke, E. & Dewhurst, K. (1972). An Illustrated History of Brain Function. Oxford: Sandford Publications.
Cohen, D. (1979). J. B. Watson – the Founder of Behaviorism: A Biography. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Coleridge, S.T. (1817). Biographia Literaria. [Edition of G. Watson. London: Dent, 1975.]
Collins, A.M. & Quillian, M.R. (1969). Retrieval Time from Semantic Memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior (8) 240-247.
Conybeare, F.C. (Trans. & Ed.) (1912). Philostratus: The life of Apollonius of Tyana, the Epistles of Apollonius and the Treatise of Eusebius. London: Heinemann. Available online
Cotterill, R.M.J. (1997). On the Mechanism of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies (4) 231-247.
Cummins, R. (1989). Meaning and Mental Representation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Cummins, R. (1997). The Lot of the Causal Theory of Mental Content. Journal of Philosophy (94) 535-542.
Danziger, K. (1979). The Positivist Repudiation of Wundt. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences (15) 205-230.
Danziger, K. (1980). The History of Introspection Reconsidered. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences (16) 241-262.
Davidson, P.W. (1972). The Role of Exploratory Activity in Haptic Perception: Some Issues, Data, and Hypotheses. Research Bulletin of the American Foundation for the Blind (24) 21-27.
Davies, M. & Stone, T. (1995). Mental Simulation. Oxford: Blackwell.
Davison, A.J. (2003). Modelling the World in Real Time: How Robots Engineer Information. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences (361) 2875-2890. Reprint available online
de Beauvoir, S. (1960) The Prime of Life. (Translated from the French by P. Green. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Company, 1962.)
Descartes, R. (1641). Meditations on First Philosophy. (Translated from the French by J. Cottingham, in J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff & D. Murdoch (Trans. & Eds.), The Philosophical Writings of Descartes, Vol.2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.)
Dretske, F. (1995). Naturalizing the Mind. Cambridge. MA: MIT Press.
Dretske, F. (2000). Perception, Knowledge and Belief. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Driver, J. & Vuilleumier, P. (2003). Neglect. In L. Nadel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science (Volume 3, pp. 211-218). London: Nature Publishing/Macmillan.
Dunlap, K. (1912). The Case Against Introspection. Psychological Review (19) 404-413. Reprint available online
Dunlap, K. (1932). Knight Dunlap. In C. Murchison (Ed.), A History of Psychology in Autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 35-61). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.
Durgin, F.H. (2002). The Tinkerbell Effect: Motion Perception and Illusion. Journal of Consciousness Studies (9, v-vii) 88-101.
Engmann, J. (1976). Imagination and Truth in Aristotle. Journal of the History of Philosophy (14) 259-266.
Everson, S. (1997). Aristotle on Perception. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fancher, R.E. (1996). Pioneers of Psychology (3rd edn.). New York: W.W. Norton.
Finger, S. (1994). Origins of Neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fodor, J.A. (1983). The Modularity of Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fodor, J.A. (1990). A Theory of Content and Other Essays. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fodor, J.A. (1994). The Elm and the Expert. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fodor, J.A. & Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1988). Connectionism and Cognitive Architecture: a Critical Analysis. Cognition (28) 3-71.
Freeman, W.J. & Skarda, C.A. (1990). Representations: Who Needs Them? In J.L. McGaugh, N.M. Weinberger & G. Lynch (Eds.), Brain Organization and Memory (pp. 375-380). New York: Oxford University Press.
Frisby, J.P. (1979). Seeing: Illusion, Brain and Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gale, R.M. (1967). Propositions, Judgements, Sentences and Statements. In P. Edwards (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Vol. 6 (pp. 494-505). New York: Macmillan.
Garson, J.W. (1996). Cognition Poised at the Edge of Chaos: A Complex Alternative to a Symbolic Mind. Philosophical Psychology (9) 301-322.
Gendler, T.S. (1998). Galileo and the Indispensability of Scientific Thought Experiment. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (49) 397-424.
Gerson, L.P. (2005). Aristotle and Other Platonists. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Gibson, J.J. (1966). The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Gjertsen, D. (1989). Science and Philosophy: Past and Present. Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin.
Goodman, N. (1968). Languages of Art. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill.
Makes a forceful argument against any role for resemblance in representation.
Goodman, N. (1970). Seven Strictures on Similarity. In L. Foster & J.W. Swanson (Eds.), Experience and Theory (pp. 19-29). Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.
Grimes, J. (1996). On the Failure to Detect Changes in Scenes across Saccades. In K. Akins (Ed.), Perception (pp. 89-110). New York; Oxford University Press.
Haber, R.N. (1974). Information Processing. In E.C. Carterette & M.P., Friedman (Eds.), Handbook of Perception: Vol. 1 (pp. 313-333). New York and London: Academic Press.
Haber, R.N. (1983). The Impending Demise of the Icon: A Critique of the Concept of Iconic Storage in Visual Information Processing. Behavioral & Brain Sciences (6) 1-54.
The so called “iconic memory” discussed here is not mental imagery. It is both phenomenologically and functionally quite different.
Halligan, P.W. & Marshall, J.C. (1993). The History and Clinical Presentation of Neglect. In I.H. Robertson & J.C. Marshall (Eds.), Unilateral Neglect: Clinical and Experimental Studies (pp. 3-26). Hove, U.K.: Erlbaum.
Harris, R.B. (1976). A Brief Description of Neoplatonism. In R.B. Harris (Ed.), The Significance of Neoplatonism (pp. 1-20). Norfolk, VA: International Society for Neoplatonic Studies.
Harvey, E.R. (1975). The Inward Wits: Psychological Theory in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. London: Warburg Institute, University of London.
Haskins, C.H. (1927). The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Haugeland, J. (1978). The Nature and Plausibility of Cognitivism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences (1) 215-260.
Haugeland, J. (1985). Artificial Intelligence: The Very Idea. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hauser, L. (1995). Doing Without Mentalese. Behavior and Philosophy (23) 42-47. Preprint available online
Hayhoe, M. (2000). Vision Using Routines: A Functional Account of Vision. Visual Cognition (7) 43-64.
Hayhoe, M. & Ballard, D. (2005). Eye Movements in Natural Behavior. Trends in Cognitive Sciences (9) 188-194.
Hebb, D.O. (1960). The American Revolution. American Psychologist (15) 735-745.
Holton, G. (1996). Imagination in Science. In his Einstein, History, and Other Passions: The Rebellion Against Science at the End of the Twentieth Century (pp. 78-102). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Horst, S.W. (1996). Symbols, Computation and Intentionality: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Horst, S.W. (1999). Symbols and Computation: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind. Minds and Machines (9) 347-381.
Hull, C.L. (1931). Goal Attraction and Directing Ideas Conceived as Habit Phenomena. Psychological Review (38) 487-506.
Hull, C.L. (1937). Mind, Mechanism and Adaptive Behavior. Psychological Review (44) 1-32.
Hyman, J. (1986). The Cartesian Theory of Vision. Ratio (28) 149-167.
Johnson, M. 1993. Moral Imagination: Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Julesz, B. (1971). Foundations of Cyclopean Perception. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Kahn, C.H. (1966). Sensation and Consciousness in Aristotle's Psychology. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie (48) 43-81.
Karamanolis, G.E. (2006). Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kirtley, D.D. (1975). The Psychology of Blindness. Chicago: Nelson-Hall.
Koch, C. (2003). The Quest for Consciousness: A Neurobiological Approach. Englewood, CO: Roberts & Co.
Kosman, L.A. (1975). Perceiving that we Perceive: On The Soul III.2. Philosophical Review (84) 499-519.
On Aristotle's notion of the common sense or sensus communis.
Kujala, T., Huotilainen, M., Sinkkonen, J., Ahonen, A.I., Alho, K., Hämäläinen, M.S., Ilmoniemi, R.J., Kajola, M., Knuutila, J.E.T., Lavikainen, J., Salonen, O., Simola, J., Standertskjöld-Nordenstam, C.G., Tiitinen, H., Tissari, S.O., & Näätänen, R. (1995). Visual Cortex Activation in Blind Humans During Sound Discrimination. Neuroscience Letters (183) 143-146.
Lakoff, G. & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cognitive metaphor theory. See also Lakoff & Johnson (1999) and Johnson (1987).
Lamme, V.A.F. & Roelfsema P.R. (2000). The Distinct Modes of Vision Offered by Feedforward and Recurrent Processing. Trends in Neurosciences (23) 571-579.
Lamme, V.A.F., Super, H., Landman, R., Roelfsema, P.R., & Spekreijse, H. (2000). The Role of Primary Visual Cortex (V1) in Visual Awareness. Vision Research (40) 1507-1521.
Landau, B., Gleitman, H., & Spelke, E. (1981). Spatial Knowledge and Geometric Representation in a Child Blind from Birth. Science (213) 1275-1277.
Landy, M.S., Maloney, L.T., & Pavel, M. (Eds.) (1996). Exploratory Vision: the Active Eye. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Leahey, T.H. (1981). The Mistaken Mirror: On Wundt's and Titchener's Psychologies. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences (17) 273-282.
Leahey, T.H. (1992). The Mythical Revolutions of American Psychology. American Psychologist (47) 308-318.
Lederman, S. J., & Klatzky, R. (1990). Haptic Exploration and Object Representation. In M.A. Goodale (Ed.), Vision and Action: The Control of Grasping (pp. 98-109). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Lindberg, D.C. (1976). Theories of Vision from Al-Kindi to Kepler. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Lindsay, P.H. & Norman, D.A. (1972). Human Information Processing: An Introduction to Psychology. New York: Academic Press.
This was a widely used textbook. A second edition was published in 1977.
Long, A.A. (1986). Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics (2nd edition). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Long, G.M. (1980). Iconic Memory: A Review and Critique of the Study of Short-Term Visual Storage. Psychological Bulletin (88) 785-820.
The so called “iconic memory” discussed here is not mental imagery. It is both phenomenologically and functionally quite different..
Lungarella. M. & Sporns, O. (2006). Mapping Information Flow in Sensorimotor Networks. PLoS Computational Biology (2 #10) e144. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.0020144 Online serial, URL:
Lycan, W.G. (2006). Enactive Intentionality. Psyche (12, #3). Online serial, [Abstract at PhilPapers]
Lycos, K. (1964). Plato and Aristotle on “Appearing”. Mind (73) 496-514.
Mack, A. & Rock, I. (1998). Inattentional Blindness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Mack, A. & Rock, I. (1999). Inattentional Blindness: An Overview. Psyche (5). Online serial.
Marcel, A. J. (1983). Conscious and Unconscious Perception: An Approach to the Relations Between Phenomenal Experience and Perceptual Processes. Cognitive Psychology (15) 238-300.
Marr, D. (1982). Vision. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.
Marr, D. & Nishihara, H.K. (1978). Visual Information Processing: Artificial Intelligence and the Sensorium of Sight. Technological Review (81) 2-23.
Mischel, T. (1970). Wundt and the Conceptual Foundations of Psychology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (31) 1-26.
Modrak, D.K.W. (1981). Koine Aisthesis and the Discrimination of Individual Differences in De Anima III.2. Canadian Journal of Philosophy (11) 405-423.
Morgan, M.J. (1977). Molyneux's Question: Vision, Touch and the Philosophy of Perception. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Neisser, U. & Becklen, R. (1975). Selective Looking: Attending to Visually Specified Events. Cognitive Psychology (7) 480-494.
Newell, A. (1981). Physical Symbol Systems. In D.A. Norman (Ed.), Perspectives on Cognitive Science (pp. 37-85). Norwood NJ/Hillsdale NJ: Ablex/Erlbaum.
Niarchos, C.G. (1997-8). Some Aspects of the Aristotelian Doctrine of Cognitive “Phantasia”. Philosophia: Yearbook of the Research Center for Greek Philosophy at the Academy (27-28) 155-165.
Nichols, S. & Stich, S. (2000). A Cognitive Theory of Pretense. Cognition (74) 115-147. Preprint available online
Nisbett, R.E. & Wilson, T.D. (1977). Telling More Than We Can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes. Psychological Review (84) 231-259.
Noë, A. (Ed.) (2002). Is the Visual World a Grand Illusion? Journal of Consciousness Studies Special double issue (vol. 9 issues 5 and 6).
Noë, A. (2004). Action in Perception. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Nozick, R. 1993. The Nature of Rationality. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Nussbaum, M.C. (1992). The Text of Aristotle's De Anima. In M.C. Nussbaum & A.O. Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle's De Anima (pp. 1-6). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
O'Donnell, J.M. (1985). The Origins of Behaviorism: American Psychology, 1870-1920. New York: New York University Press.
Orne, M.T. (1962). On The Social Psychology of the Psychological Experiment: With Particular Reference to Demand Characteristics and their Implications. American Psychologist (17) 776-783.
O'Regan, J.K. (1992). Solving the “Real” Mysteries of Visual Perception: The World as an Outside Memory. Canadian Journal of Psychology (46) 461-488. Preprint available online
O'Regan, J.K. (2003). Change Blindness. In L. Nadel (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science (Vol. 1, pp. 486-490). London: Nature Publishing/Macmillan. Preprint available online
Osbourne, H. (1968). Aesthetics and Art Theory. London: Longmans.
Oster, G. (1970, February). Phosphenes. Scientific American (222-ii) 82-87.
Phosphenes should not be confused with mental images.
Osgood, C.E. (1952). The Nature and Measurement of Meaning. Psychological Bulletin (49) 197-237.
Osgood, C.E. (1953). Method and Theory in Experimental Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pascual-Leone, A. & Walsh, V. (2001). Fast Backprojections from the Motion to the Primary Visual Area Necessary for Visual Awareness. Science (292) 10-12.
Petersen, R.S. & Diamond, M.E. (2002) Topographic Maps in the Brain. In Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Chichester: John Wiley.
Popper, K.R. (1976). Unended Quest: An Intellectual Autobiography. London: Fontana/Collins.
Port, R. & van Gelder, T. (Eds.) (1995). Mind as Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1999). Is Vision Continuous with Cognition? The Case for Cognitive Impenetrability of Visual Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences (22) 341-423. Reprint available online
Ramachandran, V. S. (1990). Visual Perception in People and Machines. In A. Blake & T. Troscianko (Eds.), AI and the Eye. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley.
Raz, N., Amedi, A., & Zohary, E. (2005). V1 Activation in Congenitally Blind Humans is Associated with Episodic Retrieval. Cerebral Cortex (15) 1459-1468.
Rees, G., Krieman, G., & Koch, C. (2002). Neural Correlates of Consciousness in Humans. Nature Reviews: Neuroscience (3) 261-270.
Richardson, D.C. & Spivey, M.J. (2004). Eye Tracking. In G.E. Wnek & G.L. Bowlin (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering (pp. 568-582). New York: Marcel Dekker.
Riedlinger, T. J. (1982). Sartre's Rite of Passage. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology (14) 105-123.
Röder, B., Stock, O., Bien, S., Neville, H., & Rösler, F. (2002). Speech Processing Activates Visual Cortex in Congenitally Blind Humans. European Journal of Neuroscience (16:) 930-936.
Roelfsema, P.R., Lamme, V.A.F., & Spekreijse H. (2000). The Implementation of Visual Routines. Vision Research (40) 1385-1411.
Rorty, A.O. (1988). Mind in Action: Essays in the Philosophy of Mind. Boston MA: Beacon Press.
Rosenthal, R. (2002). Experimenter and Clinician Effects in Scientific Inquiry and Clinical Practice. Prevention & Treatment (5) Article 38.
Rosnow, R. L. (2002). The nature and role of demand characteristics in scientific inquiry. Prevention & Treatment (5) Article 37.
Ross, W.D. (1923). Aristotle. London: Methuen.
Rowlands, M. (2006b). Sensorimotor Activity. Psyche (12, #1). Online serial.
Rumelhart, D.E., McClelland, J.L., & the PDP Research Group (1986). Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition (2 volumes). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Saintsbury, G. (1900). A History of Criticism and Literary Taste in Europe. Vol.1: Classical and Mediaeval Criticism. Edinburgh & London: Blackwood.
Sandbach, F.H. (1985). Aristotle and the Stoics. Cambridge. Cambridge Philological Society.
Schmitt, C.B. (1967). Gianfrancesco Pico della Mirandola (1469-1533) and his Critique of Aristotle. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Schwitzgebel, E. (2004). Introspective training Apprehensively Defended: Reflections on Titchener's lab manual. Journal of Consciousness Studies (11, vii-viii) 58-76. Reprint available online
Simons, D.J. & Chabris, C.F. (1999). Gorillas in Our Midst: Sustained Inattentional Blindness for Dynamic Events. Perception (28) 1059-1074.
Simons, D.J., & Levin, D.T. (1997). Change Blindness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences (1) 261-267.
Smith, B.C. (1991). The Owl and the Electric Encyclopedia. Artificial Intelligence (47) 252-288.
Sperling, G. (1960). The Information Present in Brief Visual Presentations. Psychological Monographs (74 #498) 1-29.
Stoffregen, T.A. & Bardy B.G. (2001). On Specification and the Senses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences (24) 195-261. Preprint available online
Sutton, E.W. & Rackham, H. (Trans. & Eds.) (1942). Cicero: De Oratore, Vol. 1. (Loeb Classical Library.) London: Heinemann.
Swain, M. J., & Stricker, M. A. (1993). Promising Directions in Active Vision. International Journal of Computer Vision (11) 109-126.
Thayer, H.S. (1975). Plato's Quarrel with Poetry: Simonides. Journal of the History of Ideas (36) 3-26.
Thomas, N.J.T. (2001). Color Realism: Toward a Solution to the "Hard Problem." Consciousness and Cognition (10) 140-145. Preprint available online
Todd, R.B. (1981). Themistus and the Traditional Interpretation of Aristotle's Theory of Phantasia. Acta Classica (24) 49-59.
Tootell, R.B.H., Silverman, M.S., Switkes, E., & de Valois, R.L. (1982). Deoxyglucose Analysis of Retinotopic Organization in Primate Striate Cortex. Science (218) 902-904.
Tolman, E.C. (1948). Cognitive Maps in Rats and Men. Psychological Review (55) 189-208. Reprint available online
Toulmin, S. (1969). Ludwig Wittgenstein. Encounter (32) 58-71.
Ullman, S. (1984). Visual Routines. Cognition (18) 97-157.
van Gelder, T. (1995). What Might Cognition Be, If Not Computation? Journal of Philosophy (92) 345-381.
Van Hooser, S.D. & Nelson, S.B. (2005). Visual System. In Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Chichester: Wiley.
Varela, F.J., Thompson, E., & Rosch, E. (1991). The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
von Fritz, K. (1953). Democritus' Theory of Vision. In E.A. Underwood (Ed.), Science, Medicine and History (Vol.1. pp.83-99). Oxford: Oxford University Press..
von Hornbostel, E.M. (1927). The Unity of the Senses. Psyche (7) 83-89.
Walk, R.D. & Pick, H.L. (Eds.) (1981). Intersensory Perception and Sensory Integration. New York: Plenum Press.
Washburn, M.F. (1932). Some Recollections. In C. Murchison (Ed.), A History of Psychology in Autobiography, Vol.2. Worcester, MA: Clark University Press. (pp. 333-358). Reprint available online
Watson, J.B. (1924). Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist (2nd edn.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott.
Watson, J.B. (1930). Behaviorism (2nd edn.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Watson, J.B. (1936). John Broadus Watson. In C. Murchison (Ed.), A History of Psychology in Autobiography (Vol. 3, pp. 271-281). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.
Weimer, W.B. (1977). A Conceptual Framework for Cognitive Psychology: Motor Theories of the Mind. In R. Shaw & J. Bransford (Eds.), Perceiving, Acting and Knowing: Toward an Ecological Psychology (pp. 267-311). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Whewell, W. (1840). The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences, Founded upon Their History. London: J.W. Parker.
Wittgenstein, L. (1922). Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. (Ed. C.K. Ogden, trans. C.K. Ogden & F.P. Ramsey, Introduction by B. Russell.) London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner. (First published in German in 1921.)
The “picture theory of meaning” presented in this work is not an imagery theory of meaning.
Woollam, D.H.M. (19570. The Historical Significance of the Cerebrospinal Fluid. Medical History (1) 91-114.