Notes to Biological Altruism

1. Though if each individual interacts with only one or a few other individuals throughout its lifetime, reciprocal altruism may evolve without the ability for individual recognition. See Axelrod and Hamilton (1981) and Maynard Smith (1982) for discussion of this point.

Copyright © 2013 by
Samir Okasha <samir.okasha@bristol.ac.uk>

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